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# Sum

How to find the sum of the values in a NumPy array.

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### Imports¶

This tutorial imports Numpy.

In [1]:
import numpy as np


#### Sum¶

Use np.sum() to return the sum of a NumPy array of values.

In [2]:
array = np.array([0.5, 0.25, 0.125, 0.0625])
np.sum(array)

Out[2]:
0.9375
In [2]:
help(np.sum)

Help on function sum in module numpy.core.fromnumeric:

sum(a, axis=None, dtype=None, out=None, keepdims=<class numpy._globals._NoValue>)
Sum of array elements over a given axis.

Parameters
----------
a : array_like
Elements to sum.
axis : None or int or tuple of ints, optional
Axis or axes along which a sum is performed.  The default,
axis=None, will sum all of the elements of the input array.  If
axis is negative it counts from the last to the first axis.

If axis is a tuple of ints, a sum is performed on all of the axes
specified in the tuple instead of a single axis or all the axes as
before.
dtype : dtype, optional
The type of the returned array and of the accumulator in which the
elements are summed.  The dtype of a is used by default unless a
has an integer dtype of less precision than the default platform
integer.  In that case, if a is signed then the platform integer
is used while if a is unsigned then an unsigned integer of the
same precision as the platform integer is used.
out : ndarray, optional
Alternative output array in which to place the result. It must have
the same shape as the expected output, but the type of the output
values will be cast if necessary.
keepdims : bool, optional
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left
in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option,
the result will broadcast correctly against the original arr.

If the default value is passed, then keepdims will not be
passed through to the sum method of sub-classes of
ndarray, however any non-default value will be.  If the
sub-classes sum method does not implement keepdims any
exceptions will be raised.

Returns
-------
sum_along_axis : ndarray
An array with the same shape as a, with the specified
axis removed.   If a is a 0-d array, or if axis is None, a scalar
is returned.  If an output array is specified, a reference to
out is returned.

--------
ndarray.sum : Equivalent method.

cumsum : Cumulative sum of array elements.

trapz : Integration of array values using the composite trapezoidal rule.

mean, average

Notes
-----
Arithmetic is modular when using integer types, and no error is
raised on overflow.

The sum of an empty array is the neutral element 0:

>>> np.sum([])
0.0

Examples
--------
>>> np.sum([0.5, 1.5])
2.0
>>> np.sum([0.5, 0.7, 0.2, 1.5], dtype=np.int32)
1
>>> np.sum([[0, 1], [0, 5]])
6
>>> np.sum([[0, 1], [0, 5]], axis=0)
array([0, 6])
>>> np.sum([[0, 1], [0, 5]], axis=1)
array([1, 5])

If the accumulator is too small, overflow occurs:

>>> np.ones(128, dtype=np.int8).sum(dtype=np.int8)
-128


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