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Mixed Subplots in Python

How to make mixed subplots in Python with Plotly.

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Note: Subplots with multiple chart types (i.e. cartesian and 3D) are available in version 1.12.11+
Run pip install plotly --upgrade to update your Plotly version

In [1]:
import plotly

Mixed Subplot

In [2]:
import plotly.plotly as py
from plotly.graph_objs import *

import pandas as pd

# read in volcano database data
df = pd.read_csv('')

# frequency of Country
freq = df
freq = freq.Country.value_counts().reset_index().rename(columns={'index': 'x'})

# plot(1) top 10 countries by total volcanoes
locations = Bar(x=freq['x'][0:10],y=freq['Country'][0:10], marker=dict(color='#CF1020'))

# read in 3d volcano surface data
df_v = pd.read_csv('')

# plot(2) 3d surface of volcano
threed = Surface(z=df_v.values.tolist(), colorscale='Reds', showscale=False)

# plot(3)  scattergeo map of volcano locations
trace3 = {
  "geo": "geo3", 
  "lon": df['Longitude'],
  "lat": df['Latitude'],
  "hoverinfo": 'text',
  "marker": {
    "size": 4,
    "opacity": 0.8,
    "color": '#CF1020',
    "colorscale": 'Viridis'
  "mode": "markers", 
  "type": "scattergeo"

data = Data([locations, threed, trace3])

# control the subplot below using domain in 'geo', 'scene', and 'axis'
layout = {
  "plot_bgcolor": 'black',
  "paper_bgcolor": 'black',
  "titlefont": {
      "size": 20,
      "family": "Raleway"
  "font": {
      "color": 'white'
  "dragmode": "zoom", 
  "geo3": {
    "domain": {
      "x": [0, 0.55], 
      "y": [0, 0.9]
    "lakecolor": "rgba(127,205,255,1)",
    "oceancolor": "rgb(6,66,115)",
    "landcolor": 'white',
    "projection": {"type": "orthographic"}, 
    "scope": "world", 
    "showlakes": True,
    "showocean": True,
    "showland": True,
    "bgcolor": 'black'
  "margin": {
    "r": 10, 
    "t": 25, 
    "b": 40, 
    "l": 60
  "scene": {"domain": {
      "x": [0.5, 1], 
      "y": [0, 0.55]
           "xaxis": {"gridcolor": 'white'},
           "yaxis": {"gridcolor": 'white'},
           "zaxis": {"gridcolor": 'white'}
  "showlegend": False, 
  "title": "<br>Volcano Database", 
  "xaxis": {
    "anchor": "y", 
    "domain": [0.6, 0.95]
  "yaxis": {
    "anchor": "x", 
    "domain": [0.65, 0.95],
    "showgrid": False

annotations = { "text": "Source: NOAA",
               "showarrow": False,
               "xref": "paper",
               "yref": "paper",
               "x": 0,
               "y": 0}

layout['annotations'] = [annotations]

fig = Figure(data=data, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig, filename = "Mixed Subplots Volcano")


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