Show Sidebar Hide Sidebar

Libsvm GUI in Scikit-learn

A simple graphical frontend for Libsvm mainly intended for didactic purposes. You can create data points by point and click and visualize the decision region induced by different kernels and parameter settings.

To create positive examples click the left mouse button; to create negative examples click the right button. If all examples are from the same class, it uses a one-class SVM.

New to Plotly?

Plotly's Python library is free and open source! Get started by downloading the client and reading the primer.
You can set up Plotly to work in online or offline mode, or in jupyter notebooks.
We also have a quick-reference cheatsheet (new!) to help you get started!

Version

In [1]:
import sklearn
sklearn.__version__
Out[1]:
'0.18'

Imports

This tutorial imports dump_svmlight_file

In [2]:
from __future__ import division, print_function

print(__doc__)

import matplotlib
matplotlib.use('TkAgg')

from matplotlib.backends.backend_tkagg import FigureCanvasTkAgg
from matplotlib.backends.backend_tkagg import NavigationToolbar2TkAgg
from matplotlib.figure import Figure
from matplotlib.contour import ContourSet

try:
    import tkinter as Tk
except ImportError:
    # Backward compat for Python 2
    import Tkinter as Tk

import sys
import numpy as np

from sklearn import svm
from sklearn.datasets import dump_svmlight_file
from sklearn.externals.six.moves import xrange
Automatically created module for IPython interactive environment

Calculations

In [5]:
y_min, y_max = -50, 50
x_min, x_max = -50, 50


class Model(object):
    """The Model which hold the data. It implements the
    observable in the observer pattern and notifies the
    registered observers on change event.
    """

    def __init__(self):
        self.observers = []
        self.surface = None
        self.data = []
        self.cls = None
        self.surface_type = 0

    def changed(self, event):
        """Notify the observers. """
        for observer in self.observers:
            observer.update(event, self)

    def add_observer(self, observer):
        """Register an observer. """
        self.observers.append(observer)

    def set_surface(self, surface):
        self.surface = surface

    def dump_svmlight_file(self, file):
        data = np.array(self.data)
        X = data[:, 0:2]
        y = data[:, 2]
        dump_svmlight_file(X, y, file)


class Controller(object):
    def __init__(self, model):
        self.model = model
        self.kernel = Tk.IntVar()
        self.surface_type = Tk.IntVar()
        # Whether or not a model has been fitted
        self.fitted = False

    def fit(self):
        print("fit the model")
        train = np.array(self.model.data)
        X = train[:, 0:2]
        y = train[:, 2]

        C = float(self.complexity.get())
        gamma = float(self.gamma.get())
        coef0 = float(self.coef0.get())
        degree = int(self.degree.get())
        kernel_map = {0: "linear", 1: "rbf", 2: "poly"}
        if len(np.unique(y)) == 1:
            clf = svm.OneClassSVM(kernel=kernel_map[self.kernel.get()],
                                  gamma=gamma, coef0=coef0, degree=degree)
            clf.fit(X)
        else:
            clf = svm.SVC(kernel=kernel_map[self.kernel.get()], C=C,
                          gamma=gamma, coef0=coef0, degree=degree)
            clf.fit(X, y)
        if hasattr(clf, 'score'):
            print("Accuracy:", clf.score(X, y) * 100)
        X1, X2, Z = self.decision_surface(clf)
        self.model.clf = clf
        self.model.set_surface((X1, X2, Z))
        self.model.surface_type = self.surface_type.get()
        self.fitted = True
        self.model.changed("surface")

    def decision_surface(self, cls):
        delta = 1
        x = np.arange(x_min, x_max + delta, delta)
        y = np.arange(y_min, y_max + delta, delta)
        X1, X2 = np.meshgrid(x, y)
        Z = cls.decision_function(np.c_[X1.ravel(), X2.ravel()])
        Z = Z.reshape(X1.shape)
        return X1, X2, Z

    def clear_data(self):
        self.model.data = []
        self.fitted = False
        self.model.changed("clear")

    def add_example(self, x, y, label):
        self.model.data.append((x, y, label))
        self.model.changed("example_added")

        # update decision surface if already fitted.
        self.refit()

    def refit(self):
        """Refit the model if already fitted. """
        if self.fitted:
            self.fit()


class View(object):
    """Test docstring. """
    def __init__(self, root, controller):
        f = Figure()
        ax = f.add_subplot(111)
        ax.set_xticks([])
        ax.set_yticks([])
        ax.set_xlim((x_min, x_max))
        ax.set_ylim((y_min, y_max))
        canvas = FigureCanvasTkAgg(f, master=root)
        canvas.show()
        canvas.get_tk_widget().pack(side=Tk.TOP, fill=Tk.BOTH, expand=1)
        canvas._tkcanvas.pack(side=Tk.TOP, fill=Tk.BOTH, expand=1)
        canvas.mpl_connect('button_press_event', self.onclick)
        toolbar = NavigationToolbar2TkAgg(canvas, root)
        toolbar.update()
        self.controllbar = ControllBar(root, controller)
        self.f = f
        self.ax = ax
        self.canvas = canvas
        self.controller = controller
        self.contours = []
        self.c_labels = None
        self.plot_kernels()

    def plot_kernels(self):
        self.ax.text(-50, -60, "Linear: $u^T v$")
        self.ax.text(-20, -60, "RBF: $\exp (-\gamma \| u-v \|^2)$")
        self.ax.text(10, -60, "Poly: $(\gamma \, u^T v + r)^d$")

    def onclick(self, event):
        if event.xdata and event.ydata:
            if event.button == 1:
                self.controller.add_example(event.xdata, event.ydata, 1)
            elif event.button == 3:
                self.controller.add_example(event.xdata, event.ydata, -1)

    def update_example(self, model, idx):
        x, y, l = model.data[idx]
        if l == 1:
            color = 'w'
        elif l == -1:
            color = 'k'
        self.ax.plot([x], [y], "%so" % color, scalex=0.0, scaley=0.0)

    def update(self, event, model):
        if event == "examples_loaded":
            for i in xrange(len(model.data)):
                self.update_example(model, i)

        if event == "example_added":
            self.update_example(model, -1)

        if event == "clear":
            self.ax.clear()
            self.ax.set_xticks([])
            self.ax.set_yticks([])
            self.contours = []
            self.c_labels = None
            self.plot_kernels()

        if event == "surface":
            self.remove_surface()
            self.plot_support_vectors(model.clf.support_vectors_)
            self.plot_decision_surface(model.surface, model.surface_type)

        self.canvas.draw()

    def remove_surface(self):
        """Remove old decision surface."""
        if len(self.contours) > 0:
            for contour in self.contours:
                if isinstance(contour, ContourSet):
                    for lineset in contour.collections:
                        lineset.remove()
                else:
                    contour.remove()
            self.contours = []

    def plot_support_vectors(self, support_vectors):
        """Plot the support vectors by placing circles over the
        corresponding data points and adds the circle collection
        to the contours list."""
        cs = self.ax.scatter(support_vectors[:, 0], support_vectors[:, 1],
                             s=80, edgecolors="k", facecolors="none")
        self.contours.append(cs)

    def plot_decision_surface(self, surface, type):
        X1, X2, Z = surface
        if type == 0:
            levels = [-1.0, 0.0, 1.0]
            linestyles = ['dashed', 'solid', 'dashed']
            colors = 'k'
            self.contours.append(self.ax.contour(X1, X2, Z, levels,
                                                 colors=colors,
                                                 linestyles=linestyles))
        elif type == 1:
            self.contours.append(self.ax.contourf(X1, X2, Z, 10,
                                                  cmap=matplotlib.cm.bone,
                                                  origin='lower', alpha=0.85))
            self.contours.append(self.ax.contour(X1, X2, Z, [0.0], colors='k',
                                                 linestyles=['solid']))
        else:
            raise ValueError("surface type unknown")


class ControllBar(object):
    def __init__(self, root, controller):
        fm = Tk.Frame(root)
        kernel_group = Tk.Frame(fm)
        Tk.Radiobutton(kernel_group, text="Linear", variable=controller.kernel,
                       value=0, command=controller.refit).pack(anchor=Tk.W)
        Tk.Radiobutton(kernel_group, text="RBF", variable=controller.kernel,
                       value=1, command=controller.refit).pack(anchor=Tk.W)
        Tk.Radiobutton(kernel_group, text="Poly", variable=controller.kernel,
                       value=2, command=controller.refit).pack(anchor=Tk.W)
        kernel_group.pack(side=Tk.LEFT)

        valbox = Tk.Frame(fm)
        controller.complexity = Tk.StringVar()
        controller.complexity.set("1.0")
        c = Tk.Frame(valbox)
        Tk.Label(c, text="C:", anchor="e", width=7).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        Tk.Entry(c, width=6, textvariable=controller.complexity).pack(
            side=Tk.LEFT)
        c.pack()

        controller.gamma = Tk.StringVar()
        controller.gamma.set("0.01")
        g = Tk.Frame(valbox)
        Tk.Label(g, text="gamma:", anchor="e", width=7).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        Tk.Entry(g, width=6, textvariable=controller.gamma).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        g.pack()

        controller.degree = Tk.StringVar()
        controller.degree.set("3")
        d = Tk.Frame(valbox)
        Tk.Label(d, text="degree:", anchor="e", width=7).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        Tk.Entry(d, width=6, textvariable=controller.degree).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        d.pack()

        controller.coef0 = Tk.StringVar()
        controller.coef0.set("0")
        r = Tk.Frame(valbox)
        Tk.Label(r, text="coef0:", anchor="e", width=7).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        Tk.Entry(r, width=6, textvariable=controller.coef0).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        r.pack()
        valbox.pack(side=Tk.LEFT)

        cmap_group = Tk.Frame(fm)
        Tk.Radiobutton(cmap_group, text="Hyperplanes",
                       variable=controller.surface_type, value=0,
                       command=controller.refit).pack(anchor=Tk.W)
        Tk.Radiobutton(cmap_group, text="Surface",
                       variable=controller.surface_type, value=1,
                       command=controller.refit).pack(anchor=Tk.W)

        cmap_group.pack(side=Tk.LEFT)

        train_button = Tk.Button(fm, text='Fit', width=5,
                                 command=controller.fit)
        train_button.pack()
        fm.pack(side=Tk.LEFT)
        Tk.Button(fm, text='Clear', width=5,
                  command=controller.clear_data).pack(side=Tk.LEFT)


def get_parser():
    from optparse import OptionParser
    op = OptionParser()
    op.add_option("--output",
                  action="store", type="str", dest="output",
                  help="Path where to dump data.")
    return op


def main(argv):
    op = get_parser()
    opts, args = op.parse_args(argv[1:])
    root = Tk.Tk()
    model = Model()
    controller = Controller(model)
    root.wm_title("Scikit-learn Libsvm GUI")
    view = View(root, controller)
    model.add_observer(view)
    Tk.mainloop()

    if opts.output:
        model.dump_svmlight_file(opts.output)
        
if __name__ == "__main__":
    main(sys.argv)

License

Author:

    Peter Prettenhoer <peter.prettenhofer@gmail.com>

License:

    BSD 3 clause
Still need help?
Contact Us

For guaranteed 24 hour response turnarounds, upgrade to a Developer Support Plan.