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3D Scatter Plots in Python

How to make 3D scatter plots in Python with Plotly.

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Basic 3D Scatter Plot

In [1]:
import plotly.plotly as py
import plotly.graph_objs as go

import numpy as np

x, y, z = np.random.multivariate_normal(np.array([0,0,0]), np.eye(3), 200).transpose()
trace1 = go.Scatter3d(
    x=x,
    y=y,
    z=z,
    mode='markers',
    marker=dict(
        size=12,
        line=dict(
            color='rgba(217, 217, 217, 0.14)',
            width=0.5
        ),
        opacity=0.8
    )
)

x2, y2, z2 = np.random.multivariate_normal(np.array([0,0,0]), np.eye(3), 200).transpose()
trace2 = go.Scatter3d(
    x=x2,
    y=y2,
    z=z2,
    mode='markers',
    marker=dict(
        color='rgb(127, 127, 127)',
        size=12,
        symbol='circle',
        line=dict(
            color='rgb(204, 204, 204)',
            width=1
        ),
        opacity=0.9
    )
)
data = [trace1, trace2]
layout = go.Layout(
    margin=dict(
        l=0,
        r=0,
        b=0,
        t=0
    )
)
fig = go.Figure(data=data, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig, filename='simple-3d-scatter')
Out[1]:

3D Scatter Plot with Colorscaling

In [2]:
import plotly.plotly as py
import plotly.graph_objs as go

import numpy as np

x, y, z = np.random.multivariate_normal(np.array([0,0,0]), np.eye(3), 400).transpose()

trace1 = go.Scatter3d(
    x=x,
    y=y,
    z=z,
    mode='markers',
    marker=dict(
        size=12,
        color=z,                # set color to an array/list of desired values
        colorscale='Viridis',   # choose a colorscale
        opacity=0.8
    )
)

data = [trace1]
layout = go.Layout(
    margin=dict(
        l=0,
        r=0,
        b=0,
        t=0
    )
)
fig = go.Figure(data=data, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig, filename='3d-scatter-colorscale')
Out[2]:

Reference

See https://plot.ly/python/reference/#scatter3d for more information and chart attribute options!

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