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Funnel Charts in R

How to create a Funnel Chart in R with Plotly

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library(plotly)
packageVersion('plotly')
## [1] '4.9.1'

Introduction

Funnel charts are often used to represent data in different stages of a business process. It’s an important mechanism in Business Intelligence to identify potential problem areas of a process. For example, it’s used to observe the revenue or loss in a sales process for each stage, and displays values that are decreasing progressively. Each stage is illustrated as a percentage of the total of all values.

Basic Funnel Plot

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly() %>%
  add_trace(
  type = "funnel",
  y = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "invoice sent"),
  x = c(39, 27.4, 20.6, 11, 2)) %>%
  layout(yaxis = list(categoryarray = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "invoice sent")))

p

Setting Marker Size and Color

This example uses textposition and textinfo to determine information apears on the graph, and shows how to customize the bars.

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly() %>%
  add_trace(type = "funnel",
            y = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "Finalized"),
            x = c(39, 27.4, 20.6, 11, 2),
            textposition = "inside",
            textinfo = "value+percent initial",
            opacity = 0.65,
            marker = list(color = c("deepskyblue", "lightsalmon", "tan", "teal", "silver"),
                          line = list(width = c(4, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1), color = c("wheat", "wheat", "blue", "wheat", "wheat"))),
            connector = list(line = list(color = "royalblue", dash = "dot", width = 3))) %>%
  layout(yaxis = list(categoryarray = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "Finalized")))

p

Stacked Funnel Plot

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly(
    type = "funnel",
    name = 'Montreal',
    y = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price"),
    x = c(120, 60, 30, 20),
    textinfo = "value+percent initial") %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "funnel",
    name = 'Toronto',
    orientation = "h",
    y = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "invoice sent"),
    x = c(100, 60, 40, 30, 20),
    textposition = "inside",
    textinfo = "value+percent previous") %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "funnel",
    name = 'Vancouver',
    orientation = "h",
    y = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "invoice sent", "Finalized"),
  x = c(90, 70, 50, 30, 10, 5),
  textposition = "outside",
  textinfo = "value+percent total") %>%
  layout(yaxis = list(categoryarray = c("Website visit", "Downloads", "Potential customers", "Requested price", "invoice sent", "Finalized")))

p

Basic Area Funnel Plot

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly(
  type = "funnelarea",
  text = c("The 1st","The 2nd", "The 3rd", "The 4th", "The 5th"),
  values = c(5, 4, 3, 2, 1))

p

Set Marker Size and Color in Area Funnel Plots

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly(
  type = "funnelarea",
  values = c(5, 4, 3, 2, 1),
  text = c("The 1st","The 2nd", "The 3rd", "The 4th", "The 5th"),
  marker = list(colors = c("deepskyblue", "lightsalmon", "tan", "teal", "silver"),
                line = list(color = c("wheat", "wheat", "blue", "wheat", "wheat"), width = c(0, 1, 5, 0, 4))),
  textfont = list(family = "Old Standard TT, serif", size = 13, color = "black"),
  opacity = 0.65)

p

Multiple Area Funnels

# Need to install plotly from Github to get funnel plots
# devtools::install_github("ropensci/plotly")
library(plotly)

p <- plot_ly(
    type = "funnelarea",
    scalegroup = "first",
    values = c(500, 450, 340, 230, 220, 110),
    textinfo = "value",
    title = list(position = "top center", text = "Sales for Sale Person A in U.S."),
    domain = list(x = c(0.01, 0.48), y =c(0, 0.5))) %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "funnelarea",
    scalegroup = "first",
    values = c(600, 500, 400, 300, 200, 100),
    textinfo = "value",
    title = list(position = "top center", text = "Sales of Sale Person B in Canada"),
    domain = list(x = c(0.01, 0.48), y = c(0.56, 1))) %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "funnelarea",
    scalegroup = "second",
    values = c(510, 480, 440, 330, 220, 100),
    textinfo = "value",
    title = list(position = "top left", text = "Sales of Sale Person A in Canada"),
    domain = list(x = c(0.56, 0.98), y = c(0, 0.5))) %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "funnelarea",
    scalegroup = "second",
    values = c(360, 250, 240, 130, 120, 60),
    textinfo = "value",
    title = list(position = "top left", text = "Sales of Sale Person B in U.S."),
    domain = list(x = c(0.56, 0.98), y = c(0.56, 1))) %>%
  layout(
    margin = list(l= 200, r= 200), shapes = list(
      list(x0 = 0, x1 = 0.5, y0 = 0, y1 = 0.5),
      list(x0 = 0, x1 = 0.5, y0 = 0.55, y1 = 1),
      list(x0 = 0.55, x1 = 1, y0 = 0, y1 = 0.5),
      list(x0 = 0.55, x1 = 1, y0 = 0.55, y1 = 1)))

p

Reference

See https://plot.ly/r/reference/#funnel and https://plot.ly/r/reference/#funnelarea for more information and chart attribute options!